Registration of Ngo :
NGO may be defined as association having a definite cultural , educational, economical, religious or social association organization. They are not owned by any one and cannot distribute profits as such. Whatever profits they may earn from economic activities are reinvested or spent on appropriate non-profit activities. The typical sources of revenue or non-governmental organizations are donations, membership fees, interest and dividends on investments. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest , NGOs do a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring resident issues to Governments, advocate and display policies and encourage political participation through arrangement of info. Some are arranged around particular concerns such as human rights, environment or wellness. NGO regi stration is indeed a blessing for the society. They offer analysis and experience, function as early caution mechanisms and assist keep track of and implement international agreements. Their relationship with workplaces and agencies of the United Nations system varies depending on their goals, their venue and the mandate of a specific institution.
The NGOs can be registered under any of the following Acts:-
1. Indian Trust Act, 1882
2. Societies Registration Act, 1860
3. Companies Act, 1956, u/s 25.
4. Charitable and Religious Trusts Act, 1920.
5. Sikh Gurdwara Act, 1925
6. Trustees and Mortgagees Powers Act, 1866.
7. Indian Trustees Act, 1866.
8.Religious Endowment Act, 1863.
A Non Profit Organization can get income tax benefit by getting itself registered and abiding by certain other process, but such ngo registrati on does not provide any profit to the persons making donations. The Income Tax Act 1961 has certain provisions which offer tax benefits to the "donors" like 35ac where donor get s 100% tax rebate and 80G where donor gets 50% tax rebate. In Indi a non- profit / public charitable companies can be registered as trusts, societies, or a personal limited non earnings business, under section 25 Companies Act 1956. Non-profit organizations in India exist independently of the state. They are self-governed by a board of trustees or ' handling committee' / governing council, making up people who typically serve in a fiduciary ability; produce perks for others, generally outside the membership of the company; and, are ' non-profit-making' , in as much as they are restricted from distributing a financial residual to their own members. Sect ion 2(15) of the Income Tax Act 1961 applies consistently throughout the Republic of India-defines ' charitable purpose' to consist of ' relief of the inadequate, education, clinical relief and the advancement of any other object of general public energy'. A function that relates specifically to religious teaching or worship is not considered as charitable. Thus, in establishing whether a function is exclusive or public, one has to see if the course to be benefited, or from which the beneficiaries are to be selected, constitute a considerable body of the public. A public charitable function or registration of ngo has to benefit a sufficiently huge area of the general public as differentiated from pointed out individuals. Organizations which
do not have the public aspect such as trusts for the perk of workmen or staff members of a company, however many have not been held to be charitable. As long as the beneficiaries of the company make up a changing and uncertain body of the general public answering a specific description, the fact that the beneficiaries may belong to a certain religious faith, or a sect of individuals of a certain spiritual persuasion, would not impact the organization' s ' public' character. Whether a trust, society or section-25 Company Act offers all classifications equal therapy, in regards to exempting t heir income and granting 80G certificates, where benefactors to non-profit organizations might declare a discount versus contributions made. Foreign contributions to non-profits are governed by FCRA policies and the Home Ministry. CAF would such try to clarify that this material provides only broad standards and it is recommended that legal and or financial experts be got ten in touch with before taking any essential legal or monetary choice or reaching any conclusion.
Types of NGO:
A trust is a kind of Non Government Company signed up under Indian Trust Act 1882. It is quickly formed within15 days. Minimum members required in a Trust are 3. Even relatives can be involved in a Trust. The maximum variety of members can be upto 21. The classifications of Trustees are usually President, Vice-President , Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer and so on. For a trust registration in Delhi, it is required for the main founder of the organi zation to have an aadhar card with the electricity bill or water bill of the main office address. Moreover, two photographs of each member is required along with their id proofs and address proofs. Address proofs can be voter id card, driving license, passport or any valid government photo id proof. The location should be authorized and if the office is on rent, NOC from proprietor is likewise required.
A society is registered under Indian Societies Act 1860. The standard requirements for its development are same as that of Trust formation. The only distinction is that family members can not be in a Society. Minimum members required in a Society formation are Seven and all Seven must be from different states for a nationwide level NGO. The development of a Society takes 1.5 month to 2 months time.
Section 25 Company:-
Section 25 Company is a Non Revenue assortment , gotten under the Indian Companies Act 1956. It might be formed as a Public or Private Business having a restricted obligation, with or without allocation capital. It requires a minimum of three trustees; there is no upper utmost to the amount of members. The Board of chiefs is acknowledged as the board management. Although it is signed up by registrar of companies, its funds can be used just for social welfare tasks only and not for personal benefits or gains.